Geography


The southeast province consists of the southern and southeast part of Sulawesi Island and some small Islands surrounding. It is situated in the South of Equator, between 3o and 6o of South Latitude, and between 120o 45' and 124o 06' of East Longitude.

Total peninsula area and the province island are about 38,140 square kilometers, and the sea is about 110,000 square Kilometers, with border area:
North side: South Sulawesi and Central Sulawesi
East side: Banda Sea
South side: Flores Sea
West side: Bone Gulf

AREA AND LOCATION

The province consist of four regencies, one municipality and an administrative municipality, which area of each region as follows:
Regency of Kendari ..............................16,319 sq. Km. (42,8 %),
Regency of Kolaka ...............................10,310 sq. Km. (27.0 %),
Regency of Buton ................................6,242 sq. Km. (16.4 %),
Regency of Muna .................................4,887 sq. Km. (12.8 %),
Municipality of Kendari .........................161 sq. Km. (0.4 %),
Administrative Municipalities of Bau-Bau ......221 sq. Km. (0.6 %),

TOPOGRAPHY

Topography of Southeast Sulawesi is dominated by hills. There is some lowland plain between hills, and these are potential for agriculture activity.

GEOLOGY

The geological condition of the province consists of sediment rocks are about 67.64 %, metamorphoses rocks about 19. 78 % and coagulated rocks is 15.58 %. The general soil type is red yellow podzolic.

HYDROLOGY

Southeast Sulawesi has many rivers, such as; Lalindu, Lasolo, Konaweha, Lahumbuti, Lawe Roraya, Rante Angin, Poleang, Meeta, longkowala, Kambara, kabongka, Towari, Oko-Oko, Sampolawa, etc.

Konaweaha river has stream's flow as about 200 m3 / sec. It has built Wawatobi Dam on this river, which is expected to irrigate the rice-field of up to 18,000 Ha. The Lalindo, Lasolo and Konaweha are very potential rivers for hydroelectric power. To set up the Industrial sector in the near future we need to supplied by PLN (State Electric Company), but in general for household consumers.

There are also some swamplands in this region; such as Aopa swampland with total area about 32,800 Ha and Tinonda Swampland with total about 1,240 Ha. The swampland and the rivers (e.g. Lahumbuti) can be use as water resource for agriculture development, hydroelectric power and as tourism object.


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