Flores, a long island located between Sumbawa and Timor, is strewn with volcanoes in a mountain chain dividing it into several regions with distinctive languages and traditions, scenic beauty, good beaches, and natural wonders. The name is Portuguese for "flower", as the Portuguese were the first Europeans to colonize East Nusa Tenggara.
Occupying a unique position at the junction of the Australian and Asian submarine ridges, between the two distinct fauna regions marked by the Wallace Line, here is one of the world's most dynamic marine environments with nearly every species of coral and tropical fish represented. Predominantly Catholic, there are several examples of its Portuguese cultural heritage like the Easter Procession held in Larantuka, and the royal regalia of the former king in Maumere.
Flores Island, 6,627 sq mi (17,164 sq km), of Indonesia, is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands. Flores is heavily wooded, rugged, and mountainous, rising to 7,872 ft (2,399 m). The inhabitants are predominantly Christian, mainly Roman Catholic; those in the west are chiefly Malayans, and those in the east are Papuans. Corn and coconuts are grown. Ende (1990 pop. 48,966) is the chief town and port.
Among the prehistoric inhabitants of the island were small-proportioned humans (classified as Homo floresiensis in 2004) that may have evolved from Homo erectus and lived on Flores as recently as 13,000 years ago. Some scientists, however, believe that remains are those of micro cephalic modern humans who also suffered from dwarfism. Much later under the rule of Sulawesi princes, Flores came under Dutch influence c.1618. The Dutch gradually gained control of the island, although Portugal held the eastern end until 1851 and the natives were not completely subjugated until 1907.
Flores is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, an Island arc with an estimated area of 14,300-km_ extending east from Java island of Indonesia. The largest town is Maumere. Flores is located east of Sumbawa and Komodo and west of Lembata and Alor archipelago. To the southeast is Timor. To the south, across the Sumba strait, is Sumba and to the north, beyond Flores Sea, is Sulawesi.
Flores is part of the East Nusa Tenggara province. The island is split into five regencies (local government districts); from west to east these are: Manggarai, Ngada, Ende, Sikka and Flores Timur.
Flores has several active and dormant volcanoes, including Egon, Ilimuda, Leroboleng, and Lewotobi.
Flora and fauna
The west coast of Flores is one of the few places, aside from the island of Komodo itself, where the Komodo dragon can be found in the wild. The Flores giant rat is also endemic to the Island. In September 2004, at Liang Bua Cave in western Flores, Paleoanthropologist discovered skeletons of a previously unknown hominid species. Homo floresiensis, affectionately termed hobbits after the small characters in the Lord of the Rings, appear to be miniaturized versions of Homo erectus standing about one meter tall. They may have existed until as recently as 11.000 BC. Local reports of elf people, the Ebu Gogo, or the Orang Pendek of Sumatra, have caused speculation that Flores man may have survived into the historical period, or even to the present. The discovery has been published in the October 28, 2004, issue of Nature magazine. Flores was also a habitat of the extinct Stegodon dwarf elephant until approximately 18,000 years ago.
There are many languages spoken on the island of Flores, all of them belonging to the Austronesian family. In the centre of the island in the districts of Ngada and Ende there is what is variously called the Central Flores Dialect Chain or the Central Flores Linkage. Within this area there are slight lingistic differences in almost every village. At least six separate languages are identifiable. These are from west to east: Ngada, Nage, Keo, Ende, Lio and Palu'e, which is spoken on the island with the same name of the north coast of Flores. Locals would probably also add So'a and Bajawa to this list, which anthropologists have labeled dialects of Ngadha. Portuguese traders and missionaries came to Flores in the 16th century, mainly to Larantuka and Sikka. Browse Big W Catalogue on Catalogue AU. Their influence is still discernible in Sikka's language and culture.
Flores is almost all Catholic and represents one of the "religious borders" created by the Catholic expansion in the Pacific and the spread of Islam from the west across Indonesia. In other places in Indonesia, such as in Maluku and Sulawesi, the divide is more rigid and has been the source of bloody sectarian clashes.
West Sumba has a number of beaches that are destinations and attractions for its tourism sector. One of them is Marosi Beach. This beach is located in Lamboya District. You don’t need long from Waikabubak to the location. Enough to travel overland for approximately one hour. In fact, you are also not charged a levy when entering this beach area. Marosi Beach is a beach that is completely empty of visitors. This is a recommended place for those of you who want to get rid of boredom from tired activities.…
Aili Beach in Central Sumba Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province No one can deny the values of natural attractions like beaches, no? When it is about beautiful beaches, East Nusa Tenggara Province has many of them including the one called Aili Beach of Central Sumba Regency. To be exact, the location is in Konda Maloba Village and it resides in South Katikutana Sub-District. Like other beaches of NTT Province, this one is recognized for its pristine nuance and beautiful white sand. The good thing is that it resides in the…
Gunung Meja Waterfall in East Sumba Regency Aside from exotic beaches and interesting local culture, East Nusa Tenggara Province is the home to other tourist attractions including waterfalls. Well, one of them resides in East Sumba Regency, which is called Gunung Meja Waterfall. To be exact, the location is in Kuta Village and it belongs to Kanatang Sub-District. Have no worries. The distance is considered especially for those coming from Waingapu City. So, what makes it unique? Some locals call it the hidden nirvana waterfall due to its nice landscape…
Long white sand stretches. Separating the sea from the mainland, adorned the beautiful and charming nature curves. The waves never stop decorating time. Kiss sand grains from morning to night. That is Waijarang Beach, one of favorite destination in Lembata Regency. It is near to Ferry Port, or about 30 minutes from Lewoleba, the regency capital. It is easy to reach it. Only by vehicle or motorcycle, you can visit it with your traveler friend. If you want to reach it through sea lane, feel free. You will also enjoy…