Kayan Mentarang National Park
Kayan Mentarang National Park has an area of 1.3605 million hectares, is a unity of primary forest and old secondary forest of the largest remaining in Borneo and throughout Southeast Asia. This National Park has a diversity of plants and animals of high value both rare and protected species, the diversity of ecosystem types of lowland rain forest to mossy forest in the high mountains. Biodiversity contained in Kayan Mentarang National Park is very impressive.
Some plants that exist among others Pulai (Alstonia scholaris), jelutung (Dyera costulata), ramin (Gonystylus bancanus), Agathis (Agathis borneensis), ironwood (Eusideroxylon zwageri), varnish (Gluta wallichii), agarwood (Aquilaria malacensis), aren (Arenga pinnata), various types of orchids, palms, and pitcher plants. In addition, there are several types of plants that not all can be identified as a new species in Indonesia.
There are about 100 species of mammals (15 species which are endemic), 8 species of primates and more than 310 species of birds with 28 species of them endemic Borneo and have been registered by ICBP (International Committee for Bird Protection) as an endangered species. Some types of rare mammals such as clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), bears (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus), white forehead langur (Presbytis frontata frontata) and banteng (Bos javanicus lowi).
The rivers in this national parks such as Bahau River, Kayan River and Mentarang River used as transportation to the area of Kayan Mentarang National Park. During the trip, beside can see a variety of wildlife species around the river, also can see the agility longboat in passing the rapids, or against the flow are quite heavy.
The existence of approximately 20,000-25,000 people from various Dayak ethnic groups living around Kayan Mentarang National Park like Kenyah, Punan, Lun Daye and Lun Bawang tribes, turned out to have knowledge of cultural wisdom accordance with the principles of conservation. This is one unique in Kayan Mentarang National Park. The uniqueness is evident from the ability of communities to conserve biodiversity in their lives. As an example of different varieties and types of rice and the collected maintained well to support the people's daily life.
Many graves and archaeological heritage in the form of stone tools found in national parks (over 350 years old), and which is considered the most important archaeological sites in Kalimantan.
Access to Kayan Mentarang National Park:
From Samarinda to Tarakan (plane) approximately one hour, next trip by a speed boat or klotok boating Mentarang river to a location with six hours to one day.