Taka Bonerate Island

Takabonerate is an island and a sub-district from Selayar Regency, South Sulawesi. Takabonerate National Park has the third largest coral atoll in the world after the Kwajifein in Marshall Islands and Suvadiva the Moldiva Islands. The size of the atoll is approximately 220,000 hectares, with a coral reef flat width about 500 km².

Among the islands of coral reefs sandbank, there are deep and steep narrow straits. While on the surface of the reef flat, there are many small pools which are deep and surrounded by coral reefs. At the low tide, it clearly visible a dry land and interspersed puddles that formed small pools.

Plants in the coastal areas are dominated by coconut (Cocos nucifera), sea pandanus (Pandanus sp.), Sea pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), and ketapan (Terminalia catappa). There are 261 species from 17 families corals are identify, including eydouxi Pocillopora, Montipora danae, palifera Acropora, Porites cylindrica, Pavona clavus, Fungia concinna, and others. Most of the types of coral reefs have been formed as atoll reef (barrier reef) and the reef edge (fringing reef).

There are about 295 species of reef fish and various species of fish consumption of high economic value such as grouper (Epinephelus spp.), Skipjack (Katsuwonus spp.), Napoleon wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus), and baronang (Siganus sp.). Moreover, there are 244 types of mollusks including lola (Trochus niloticus), goat head shells (Cassis cornuta), triton (Charonia tritonis), batulaga (Turbo spp.), Giant clam shell (Tridacna squamosa), pearl oysters (Pinctada spp.), And hollow nautilus (Nautilus pompillius).

The types of turtles were founded, including the hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), and ridley turtle (Dermochelys coriacea). There are 15 islands in the Takabonerate Park which good for diving, snorkeling, and other marine tourism.

When we want to go to visit Takabonerate Island, we can use bus from Makassar to Bulukumba (153 km) and takes about five hours drive, then we go to the Pamatata Selayar port by ferry for about two hours, which continued to the Benteng is about 1.5 hours. From Benteng to the nearby small Ranjuni Island we can use wooden boat about five hours to the place. Everything is wonderful inside the Taka Bonerate Island.

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