The wide area of Papua is 420,000 sq km/162,000 sq mi.
Papua population based on 2000 est. is 2,220,900. It has some 240 different tribal peoples, each with its own language and culture. Indigenous Papuans in West Papua and Papua New Guinea speak some 15% of the world's known languages. West Papua together with the rest of the island of New Guinea, are the lungs of the Asia-Pacific, containing the last great surviving virgin rainforest after the Amazon.
The population of Papua province and the neighboring West Irian Jaya, both of which are still under a united administration, totaled 2,646,489 in 2005. Since the early 1990s, Papua has had the highest population growth rate of all Indonesian provinces at over 3% annually. This is partly a result of high birth rates, but also from immigration from other regions in Indonesia.
According to the 2000 census, 78% of the Papuan population identified themselves as Christian with 54% being Protestant and 24% being Catholic. 21% of the population was Muslim and less than 1% were Buddhist or Hindu. There is also substantial practice of animism by Papuans, which is not recorded by the Indonesian government in line with the policy of Pancasila.
A vital tropical rainforest with the tallest tropical trees and vast biodiversity, Papua's known forest fauna includes marsupials (including possums, wallabies, tree-kangaroos, cuscuses), other mammals (including the endangered Long-beaked Echidna), many bird species (including birds of paradise, cassowaries, parrots, cockatoos), the world's longest lizards (Papua monitor) and the world's largest butterflies. The island has an estimated 16,000 species of plant, 124 genera of which are endemic.
The extensive waterways and wetlands of Papua are also home to salt and freshwater crocodile, tree monitor, flying foxes, osprey, bats and other animals; while the equatorial glacier fields remain largely unexplored.
In February 2006, a team of scientists exploring the Foja Mountains, Sarmi, discovered numerous new species of birds, butterflies, amphibians, and plants, including a species of rhododendron, which may have the largest bloom of the genus. Ecological threats include logging-induced deforestation, forest conversion for plantation agriculture (especially oil palm), small holder agricultural conversion, the introduction and potential spread of non-native alien species such as the Crab-eating Macaque, which preys on and competes with indigenous species, the illegal species trade, and water pollution from oil and mining operations.
Indonesia structures regions contains of regencies and sub districts within those. Though names and areas of control of these regional structures can vary over time in accord with changing political and other requirements, in 2005 Papua province consisted of 19 regencies. The regencies are: Timika, Yapen - Waropen, Biak - Numfor, Nabire, Puncak Jaya, Paniai, Jayawijaya, Merauke, Sarmi, Keerom, Waropen, Tolikara, Yahukimo, Bintang Mountain, Boven Digoel, Mappi, Asmat, Supiori, and Jayapura. In addition to these, Jayapura city also has the status of regency.
Papua province has governed by a directly elected governor (currently Barnabas Suebu) and a regional legislature, DPRP (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Papua). A unique government organization that only exists in Papua is the MRP (Majelis Rakyat Papua / Papuan People's Council) that was formed by the Indonesian Government in 2005 as a coalition of Papuan tribal chiefs, tasked with arbitration and speaking on behalf of Papuan tribal customs.
Known as the town at the east-most end of Indonesia. Merauke is the first town in Indonesia Archipelago that catches the first rays of the rising tropical sun. Officially, Merauke as the capital city of Papua province, Indonesia. Merauke as one of the goals in Papua must be visited and enjoyed the beauty of nature. Found on February 12, 1902 by a Dutch citizen who tried to live among the indigenous population of Marind Anim and Sohores. The name Merauke itself is said to originate from an anecdote among Dutch settlers and indigenous. At…
Teluk Wondama Teluk Wondama or Wondama Bay Regency is one of regencies in West Papua provinse. The capital city is located in Rasiei and it was formed since 12 April 2003 as an expansion of Manokwari regency. This regency is bounded with Tahota distric, Manokwari regency and Cendrawasih bay in north; Yaur distric, Nabire regency and some parts in Kaimana regency in south; Kuri district, Idoor district and Bintuni Bay regency in west; and Umar bay district, Nabire regency and Cendrawasih bay in East. This regency is having very rich…
Bintuni Bay Bintuni Bay or Teluk Bintuni is one of regencies in West Papua, which the principal town is lies in Bintuni town. At early develop, this regency was just having 10 districts, but since 2007, is had 24 districts in all over the area. Bintuni Bay is located in the neck of the bird’s head, facing to the Seram Sea, off the west coast of West Papua. Since April of 2003, this region is part of Manokwari regency. The largest potential areas of Bintuni Bay are agriculture, marine and…
Tambrauw Tambrauw is one of regencies in West Papua, and the principal town is located in Fef. Tambrauw regency was formed from some of the former regency of Sorong and Manokwari regency. According to Indonesia constitution 2008 number 58 it said that Tambrauw regency is bounded with Pacific Ocean in north, North Aifat, Mare and Sawiat in south, Sayosa and Moraid in west, Amberbaken and Senopi in East. While, since January 2009, Tambrauw regency has bounded with Pacific Ocean in north, South Sorong regency in south, Sorong regency in west,…