The Wonderful Lorentz National Park in Papua – Indonesia

Did you know that Indonesia has the largest national park in Southeast Asia? Yes, it turns out that Lorentz National Park in Papua, which was established in 1997, was designated as the largest national park in Southeast Asia by UNESCO, even the UN agency has designated Lorentz National Park in Papua as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999.

Lorentz National Park in Papua is designated as the largest national park in Southeast Asia by UNESCO based on its area, which is 2,505,600 ha in accordance with the letter of appointment of the Minister of Forestry and Plantations No. 154/Kpts-II/1997. Not only that, another international non-governmental organization, WWF, has designated Lorentz National Park in Papua as the largest conservation area and the most complete ecosystem in the Asia Pacific.

Viewed from the aspect of ecosystem diversity, Lorentz National Park covers all the main types of ecosystems in Papua, ranging from marine ecosystems, coastal ecosystems, coastal forest ecosystems, brackish water swamp forest ecosystems, freshwater swamp forest ecosystems, lowland forest ecosystems, and marine ecosystems, low mountain forest, high mountain forest ecosystem, sub alpine ecosystem (Tree Line), alpine ecosystem and eternal snow mountain ecosystem.

Various species from the Lorentz National Park area contribute to Papua’s rich biodiversity. There are 1,200 flowering plants, 123 mammal species, 411 bird species, and 150 reptile and amphibian species. In addition, Lorentz National Park is also an Endemic Bird Area (EBA) with 45 species of birds with limited distribution and nine species of endemic birds. There is a natural isolation area for the spread of bird and other animal species in the Sudirman Mountain range.

There are also some unique features in Lorentz National Park, namely the presence of a glacier in Puncak Jaya and a river that disappears several kilometers into the ground in the Baliem Valley. Lorentz National Park has 34 types of vegetation, including riverside forest, sago forest, swamp forest, and grassland. There are also large-scale mineral deposits and mining in this area.

The types of plants in Lorentz National Park include nipah and mangroves. While the types of animals that have been identified in Lorentz National Park there are several examples of bird species that are characteristic of the two types of cassowary, long-tailed bird of paradise, and snow quail. The mammals that can be found here include the long-snouted and short-snouted thorn pig, 4 types of cuscus, wallaby, bobcat, and tree kangaroo.

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