Taman Nasional Bromo Tegger Semeru (TNBTS)
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS) was established through a Decree of the Minister of Forestry in 2005. Bromo Tengger Semeru area was designated as a national park partly because it has a unique ecosystem where has a caldera inside a caldera in the form of an active volcano (Mount Bromo) inside the Mount Tengger caldera with the sea volcanic sand around it.
The uniqueness of the ecosystem and the beauty of natural panorama of Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS) make this area one of the mainstay tourist destinations in East Java, even nationally. The Ministry of Tourism has even designated the TNBTS area as a National Tourism Strategic Area (KSPN).
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS) covers an area of 800 sq km. Visiting TNBTS can see plumes of smoke coming out of Mount Semeru, an active volcano which is 3,676 meters above sea level (asl). The caldera in this park is the largest on Java Island, with a barren desert covering an area of 10 km.
While the sandy Tengger in TNBTS area has been protected since 1919. It is believed to be the only conservation area in Indonesia, and possibly in the world that has unique sea sand about 2,000 meters above sea level. There are several mountains inside the Bromo caldera.
Meanwhile, in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park there are at least 38 protected wildlife species consisting of 24 bird species, 11 mammal species, 1 reptile species, and 2 insects. Among several species of rare and endangered animals are the Javan Eagle (Nisaetus bartelsi), Javan Leopard (Panthera pardus), and Javan Lutung (Trachypithecus auratus).
Original blog; https://indonesiabaik.id/infografis/taman-nasional-bromo-tengger-semeru-ekosistem-unik-lautan-pasir-vulkanik