Bukit Barisan National Park II
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (BBSNP) or the South Bukit Barisan National Park is administratively settled in three provinces area in Sumatra, which is in Lampung, South Sumatra and Bengkulu. This national park becomes Wildlife Sanctuary since 1935, while it becomes area of National Park was in 1982. Initially, South Bukit Barisan Park covered a total area of 356,800 hectares, but recent measurements using GIS recorded that the latest total area is in fact 324,000 hectares. The park is located at the southwest end of Sumatra.
Together with Leuser Mountain and Kerinci Seblat, this national park makes up the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra that inscribed in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List, which runs along the entire western spine of the island. The main objective of the national park is to protect the existence of Sumatra’s tropical rainforests along with all their biodiversity. Sumatran Elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus), Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) and Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) are among some of the rare and exotic fauna found in the area.
The South Bukit Barisan Park is included in the Global 200 Ecoregions, WWF's ranking of the Earth's most biologically outstanding terrestrial, freshwater and marine habitats. The park is also highlighted as a priority area for the Sumatran rhino conservation through WWF's Asian Rhino and Elephant Action Strategy (AREAS). In addition, IUCN, WCS and WWF have identified the South Bukit Barisan as "Tiger Conservation Unit I", the most important forest area for the conservation of tigers in the world.
There are numbers of endemic fauna that also inhabit the area are: honey bears (Helarctos malayanus malayanus), tapirs (Tapirus indicus), ungko (Hylobates agilis), siamang (H. syndactylus syndactylus), simpai (Presbytis melalophos fuscamurina), kancil (Tragulus javanicus kanchil), and the scaled sea turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata).
How to get there :
The main entry point to the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is from the town of Bandar Lampung, capital of Lampung Province. There are several airlines that serve flights from Jakarta to Radin Inten II Airport at Bandar Lampung, including Garuda Indonesia airways, Merpati and Sriwijaya Airways. From Bandar Lampung you can take a bus from the Rajabasa Terminal to Kota Agung, the trip takes approximately two to three hours.
Once you are at Kota Agung, don’t forget to get a permit at the Forest Protection and Natural Conservation (PHPA) office. From Kota Agung you can go straight to the BBSNP entrance at Tampang using a boat ride provided in the harbor. The boat trip along the coast will last between 5 to 7 hours, depending on the condition of the boat.
You can also take the Sedaya-Suwoh route although the trip will be a bit rough, since the roads are not fully asphalted. From Kota Agung take a Minibus headed to Sedaya. From Sedaya the only transportations available to Suwoh are motorbike taxies or “ojek”. Bear in mind that you can take this route during the dry season only. Alternately, from Sedaya you can also take an “Ojek” to Sukaraja Atas, which is another entrance.