Baluran is unique as the only place on Java with an authentic savanna, which normally belongs in an East Indonesian landscape. It is also the only place in Indonesia where visitors can enjoy close encounters with savanna dwelling animals in an African-like setting.

The Park is globally known amongst scientists as the best place in Indonesia for observing savanna wildlife, in particular the endangered Banteng (Bos javanicus) and the Timor deer also called Rusa deer (Cervus timorensis).

Barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak), Wild boars, the endangered Asiatic wild dog (Cuon alpinus), also called Dholes, Panther (Panthera pardus), Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus), Green and Red Junglefowl (Gallus varius and Gallus gallus) are also present. About 147 bird species nest in Baluran, however some are now very rare.

The panorama in Baluran undergoes a dramatic change from season to season. In the rainy season, fast-streaming floods can sometimes block the entrance into the park. In this season everything is green, except for the blue and white ipomea flowers and other colorful forest blooms like the wild lamtana and the red and yellow “sungsang” flower.

These are found along the 12-km access road from Batangan (entrance) and the Bekol compound. The deer have a healthy reddish yellow coat and are fat. Five or six months later the entire scenery has changed into a yellowish or drab color, except in the evergreen forest, coastal habitat and mangrove forest. This drab and dry environment, however, goes well with the African look for which Baluran is famous.