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  1. #1
    Join Date
    Aug 2011

    South Sulawesi In Brief

    South Sulawesi

    Situated at the crossroads of strategic sea lanes steeped in history, South Sulawesi province is consists of the narrow south-western peninsula of this mountainous, orchid-shaped island. Makassar is the capital of this province that was called as Ujung Pandang, and still becomes the gateway to eastern Indonesia and leading trading port.

    At early begin, Spanish and Portuguese galleons, followed by British and Dutch traders, sailed these seas in search of the spice trade, escorted by their men-of-war to protect them from the daring raids of the Bugis and Makassar pirates. Famed for their seafaring culture, the Bugis are still the driving force behind the world's last commercial sailing fleet. Bugis vessels have sailed as far as Australia, leaving behind images of their ships carved in stone, and Bugis words which were integrated into the Aboriginal language of northern Australia.

    The local inhabitant that stay in South Sulawesi is dominated by Bugis and Makassar people, but Toraja ethnic is the indigenous ethnic people from South Sulawesi. Islam is the religion that most people in South Sulawesi hold, except in Toraja that mostly have Christian as their religion or they still have their animist belief known as Aluk, meaning “the way”. The Indonesian government has recognized this animist belief as Aluk Todolo (“Way of the Ancestors”)
    Torajan are still living on mountainous range, based on their name meaning on Bugis language, “to riaja” referred to “people of the uplands”. Torajan cultural initiation that popular is about their funeral rite of bury the death people. They placed the death people on carved into rocky cliff. The carve is symbolizing the death person called Tau-tau. Tau-tau is made from jack fruit wood, strong wood, and to cut this timber, must be done with traditional ceremony of Toraja, while the eyes of Tau-tau is made of the bone and buffalo horn.

    In Toraja society, the funeral ritual is such an expensive event that being held to “good-Bye” the death person.The richer and more powerful the individual, the more expensive is the funeral. In the Aluk religion, only nobles have the right to have an extensive death feast which usually attended by thousand people and being held for weeks, months or even years.

    Before 20th Century, the Torajan are lived in autonomous villages, where they practices animism and being untouchable from outside the society.

    On early 1900s, the Dutch missionaries was converted the Torajan highlanders to Christianity. After 1970s, Toraja was opened to the outside world and became the icon of Indonesia Tourism.

    Hence, the tourism destination from South Sulawesi is mostly coming from Toraja Land concerning the historical site of Torajan complete with their celebration, initiation, art, cultural things and the way of living.
    Indonesia Welcoming The World

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Aug 2011

    Losari Beach

    Tanjung Bira

    Toraja Land

    Indonesia Welcoming The World

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