Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is the Great Mosque was built since centuries years ago in Banda Aceh. It is the symbol of religious life, bravery, and nationalism of Aceh people. Built on the tenure of Sultan Iskandar Muda, the mosque was functioned as a center for religious education in Nusantara (Malay Archipelago). Many Islamic scholars and students from other countries like Arab, Turkey, India, and Persia came to gain Islamic religious education there.

The mosque is a silent witness of Aceh people’s struggle in defending Aceh from the Dutch’s occupation during 1873 to 1904 A.D. It has ever been ever ruined after being burned by the Dutch in 1873 A.D. Kohler was dead for being struck by Aceh people in the area Baiturrahman Mosque. Remembering such tragedy, a monument was built in the front-left side of the mosque under a ketapang tree. For an effort to quiet the anger of Aceh people as the mosque had been destroyed, the Dutch by the command of Governor General Van Lansnerge rebuilt the mosque by 1879 A.D. Up to now, the mosque has ever been refurbished for fifth times during 1879-1993 A.D.

The last terrible historical moment of the mosque was the tragedy of tsunami on December 24th 2004 when the fast water’s stream of tsunami was almost flooding the ground floor of the mosque. Once, the mosque becomes a silent witness for people being safe from tsunami at the time. Many people died at the tragedy were laid down inside the mosque before they were identified.

Baiturrahman Mosque is located in the heart of Banda Aceh City next to the traditional market of Aceh,Nangroe Aceh Darussalam Province, Indonesia. Because situating in the center of Banda Aceh City, it can make you easier for accessing the location either by taking private transports or public transports.