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    Dusun Sade, Central Lombok - West Nusa Tenggara

    Sade hamlet situated in the village of Rambitan, District Pujut, Central Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. When a trip to the Province of West Nusa Tenggara (Lombok Island ), it feels incomplete if you have not took a visit to a traditional tourist village in Central Lombok regency, namely Hamlet Sade. Hamlet who has a 6 hectare and a population of about 700 inhabitants is known as the Sasak tribe villages which still maintain and uphold the cultural tradition.
    In this village, the villagers still maintain the traditional architecture of the house according to the cosmology of Mount Rinjani, treating art Belek drum, and continue the tradition of weaving heritage of his ancestors.

    Visiting the Dusun Sade really will add to the experience of tourists will exoticism of a natural countryside, complete with custom building landscapes that still maintained its authenticity, tradition, and crafts people who inherited hereditary. When you first enter the hamlets, the eyes of tourists will be immediately greeted by a row of houses unique traditional nuances. The houses are owned by indigenous Dusun Sade who are already settled hereditary. By residents of Sade, the houses are commonly called Bale, in their local language.

    If the note according to the pattern and form of buildings, about 152 houses in this village have relatively the same shape, aka the uniform. The size of the houses were also almost the same, ie approximately 7 x 5 meters. A unique, these houses are built using natural materials as the basis for its construction. See, the walls of this house made of bamboo and the roof made of thatch. Even more unique again, all the houses in this village overlooking Mount Rinjani, which is an island of Lombok's highest mountain (3676 m dpal). Direction toward home to Mount Rinjani is due to the belief that Mount Rinjani is considered as a place of Spirit's ancestral spirits. To be sure, style, characteristics, and the direction toward the houses is a symbol that describes how people interact with the environment cosmological Sade, and to simultaneously interpret life through the house.

    If interested, tourists can also try entering one's house and observed detail the rooms. If you have come into the house, tourists may be responding simply, that this house is a dark house with no windows. The door was just one, namely the front door, where the only road in and out of people. For the Sasak this means that human life must have a single rule, there is a guarded and should not be violated. Interestingly, almost all the doors of houses in the hamlet of Sade-or even the entire house building in the township other traditional Sasak-average low is made, ie only sedada adults. So for anyone who wants to enter the house must be lowered, with the exception of small children. Perhaps, this kind of homage to the owner of the house.

    More entry again, travelers will soon understand that this house is divided into two, namely bale in and bale out. Non-bale in the chamber equipped with a more pivat divan for sleeping and kitchen contains cooking tools equipment, while the bale out is the living room with a door shift. Although the room to receive guests, bale out not provide a chair just like the houses in general. Interestingly, between the outer and the bale in the bale is connected by stairs. History records, Sasak people how to adapt to the teachings of Islam can be seen in the number of stairs. In the past, this liaison rung of three, according to their ancestral beliefs about Wetu Telu, where human life termaknai in 3 stages: birth, growing and die. When Islam arrived, Wetu telu also often interpreted as prayer time is only three days. This is often referred to as Islamic Wetu Telu, namely the Islamic teachings that have been assimilated into Hindu and animist beliefs ancestor of the Sasak. But this time, when the understanding of Islam has begun to open, two steps are added, in order to increase the number of symbols less prayer time. But to appreciate the traditions and customs, fourth and fifth steps are not immediately added after the third rung, but after being given a small floor.

    In addition, a surprising and unique at the same time, it turns out the floor of this house is a mixture of soil, tree sap, and straw ash which is then spread with buffalo dung. Maybe the tourists will be asking questions, and thought this dirt will create odor. But no, because the house is habitable if it has dried buffalo droppings. Residents in this village consider buffalo dung is useful to avoid the inertia of the soil. In addition to home, in the hamlet of Sade was still no other buildings are also not less interesting, among other things a place to store rice granary and barn (bare) cattle. That said, the form of rice granary is used as a symbol of traditional building Lombok. Most of the buildings and large buildings owned by the government, always front roof shaped like this granary. Not only that, in this village there is more buildings that become a typical building society Sasak. The building was in the local language commonly called berugak. Berugak is a building stage supported by four pillars (berugak sekepet) or six-pole (berugak sekenem). Berugak very familiar form, ie without walls, a bamboo pole, and the roof of reed-like peasant huts in the rice field. In this place, the citizens, both women, men, and children, used to gather (begibung), chatting, and relaxing after work.

    Sade Hamlet is full of traditional imagery. Besides presenting the traditional buildings to tourists, Sade also offer other unique, namely woven handicrafts. The women in this village are the main perpetrators of this craft, they diligently weaving using simple tools and traditional to produce a beautiful fabric. The materials made of woven fabrics are usually available in the neighborhood and then formulated his own through a fairly long process to produce a woven fabric. According to the story, first women in this village looking for work ranging from cotton that grows wild in the gardens, spin into yarn, and then menenunnya into cloth. The process of forming cotton into yarn turned out quite long, ie, cotton that has been picked sun drying, and then mashed with a tool, formed by rolling a thread, and then given the natural dyes from plants. To make a piece of cloth gloves, for example, it takes dozens of rolls of yarn and weaving a long process, which is about a month. Unfortunately, currently there are rare plant cotton. However, now there are sellers who peddle threads that have finished in the nearest market. Thus, the weaving process can be accelerated. Woven fabrics in Hamlet Sade has a variety of motives, like the houses, stars, and human or abstract images.

    In addition to weaving, a resident of this village also produces a variety of craft accessories and souvenirs such as bracelets, necklaces, key chains, and others. Akasesori-accessory has averaged over patterned lizards, animals that are considered as a symbol of good luck. Both the woven fabric and accessories such as bracelets, necklaces, and key chains are usually sold at a kiosk window partially blend with the house residents. At this kiosk tourists can buy souvenirs cenderahati for family and relatives.

    If lucky, that his visit coincided with a wedding ceremony one of the residents, tourists can also witness the ritual of marriage is relatively still maintain customs and traditions. In this event Belek drum beat pounding, while her groom-citizens paraded toward the party venue. Belek is a traditional drum drum Lombok typically larger than the drums in general. Previously, the indigenous Sasak people marriage is recognized term meaning merarik elope. Elopement marriage reputedly regarded as a valuable, because the bride of a man deemed to have courage in fighting for her love. In the 1970s merarik still many run by people of Lombok, but now the marriage that began with the bride away is rarely, or even (possibly) no longer exists. All that remains, especially in the hamlet of Sade, is in a customary ceremony takes complex marriage, dowry, and the ceremonies with an expensive cost. Once the ceremony, dozens of grams of gold and some buffalo sacrifice. Therefore, there is rarely out of Sade man to marry her native village. As a result, marriages that occurred in this village is a marriage between relatives.

    Towards Dusun Sade quite easy, because this village is only 70 kilometers from the city of Mataram. In this city there Selaparang airport and several ports spread across the island of Lombok, such as Sheet Harbour, Port Labuhan Haji, Outer Harbor and Port of Tanjung Lombok. If the tourist departed from the island of Bali, travelers can depart by plane from Denpasar Ngurah Rai Airport in Mataram Selaparang (capital of West Nusa Tenggara), which only takes about 15 minutes. Apart from Bali, tourists can travel air travel from major cities in Indonesia, like Jakarta, Surabaya, Bali, and Yogyakarta. By using aircraft from one of the city, tourists will get to the airport Selaparang, Mataram. From Kota Mataram (Terminal Mandalika), tourists can go directly Praya (capital city of Central Lombok district) using public transport. After reaching the Praya, visitors can rent a car or use a motorcycle taxi service to the hamlet of Sade, which only takes about half an hour.

    Source: bestindonesiaislands.com



  2. #2
    Dusun Sade, Central Lombok - West Nusa Tenggara

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