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  1. #1

    Pulau Komodo - Komodo Island Indonesia is the New 7 Wonders of The World

    Indonesia's Komodo Island is the New 7 Wonders of The World



    Komodo island is the NEW 7 Wonders of the World, this is the appropriate sentence to Komodo National Park at this time. For me, Komodo Island is really the NEW 7 wonders of the World with all the wonders that exist inside.

    Besides Komodo which is the largest ancient lizard species that exist on earth today, also the beauty of the is* Komodo Island is really quite fascinating for anyone who saw it, beaches, grasslands, sand dunes, sea and underwater are all very beautiful.

    Komodo Island or Komodo National Park is The World Heritage Site
    Komodo is one of the 17.508 islands That make up the Republic of Indonesia. The island has a surface area of 390 km and over 2000 inhabitants. Komodo is part of the Lesser Sunda chain of islands and forms part of the Komodo National Park. Particularly Notable here is the native Komodo dragon. In Addition, the island is a popular destination for diving. Administratively, it is part of the East Nusa Tenggara province.


    Komodo Island or Komodo National Park is home to the world's largest lizard. Komodo is the largest lizard in the world, As an Indonesia Endemic animals, they just stay on the island of Komodo, Rinca island and small islands around it, and in the western part of Flores Island in Indonesia. There are 277 species of animals which is a mix of animals coming from Asia and Australia, which consists of 32 species of mammals, 128 species of birds and 37 species of reptiles. Together with dragons, at least 25 species of land animals and birds, including protected animals, because the amount is limited, or limited their deployment.

    Komodo National Park includes one of the world's richest marine environments. It consists of forams, cnidaria (includes over 260 species of reef building coral), sponges (70 species), ascidians, marine worms, mollusks, echinoderms, crustaceans, cartilaginous and bony fishes (over 1,000 species), marine reptiles, and marine mammals (dolphins, whales, and dugongs). Some notable species with high commercial value include sea cucumbers, Napoleon wrasse, and groupers.

    Some of the Komodo's sandy beach beautiful pink, colored by fragments of red coral mixed with other shell and coral fragments. Other beach has gray sand derived from rhyolite cliffs. Heavy black sand consists of nearly pure magnetite accumulates on the side of the cliff.

    Komodo Dragon is the Largest Lizard Species
    Komodo is the largest lizard species that live on earth, but they are not the largest reptiles. Crocodiles and alligators get larger than the Komodo. Crocodiles and alligators are also more closely related to dinosaurs, not dragons. Komodo is an alert and agile predators and scavengers that can reach 2.5 meters in length and 125 kg, they are known locally as 'Ora' and now about 1,100 inhabit Komodo Island and about half live on the nearby island of Rinca.

    Komodo dragons are the relics of ancient animals are native to Indonesia and turned out to be the most deadly poisonous reptiles in the world with a poison that can paralyze prey very quickly. Secrets of the ability to kill prey of Komodo, it lies in a combination of bite force and thousands of poison glands located on the gums, are pulled together when biting.

    Komodo is an excellent swimmer and can swim from one island to another. Komodo Island has many beautiful beaches where visitors can play and swim, but the existence of dragons feet and tail-prints in the sand to warn visitors to be careful and vigilant.



    Diving In Komodo Island
    Komodo Island is one of the best dive sites in the world, diversity of choice diving around Komodo Island is astounding, from the colorful and calm shallow reefs filled with hundreds colorful of reef fish. The variety of marine life for Komodo scuba diving rivals the world's best dive destinations. This is the world's epicentre for marine diversity and you'll see loads of stuff here on a diving cruise that you just won't see anywhere else in the world - From sunfish, mantas, dolphins and eagle rays to pygmy seahorses, ornate ghost pipefish, clown frogfish, nudibranchs and blue-ringed octopus - all at home amongst a spectacular range of colourful sponges, sea squirts, tunicates and corals - a macro enthusiast's heaven.




    For diving in komodo dive sites, you can use the services of Komodo Island Dive package. Komodo Island Dive Package is part of a package of Komodo Island Tuor, the guide will help you explore every Komodo Dive Site that you want.

    How To Get Komodo Island
    Komodo and Rinca island are two interesting locations to visit. Two exotic locales that you can reach via Labuan Bajo, the capital of West Manggarai regency, East Nusa Tenggara. While most visitors enter Komodo National Park (KNP) through the gateway cities of Labuan Bajo in the west of Flores or Bima in eastern Sumbawa, the departure point for your trip is actually Denpasar, Bali.

    source : [seomua.blogspot.com]

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    by Brice Li


    by cheuleng


    by declerckjan




    by Si Ollie

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    How to Get There

    While most visitors enter Komodo National Park (KNP) through the gateway cities of Labuan Bajo in the west of Flores or Bima in eastern Sumbawa, the departure point for your trip is actually Denpasar, Bali.


    By Air:

    Indonesia Air Transport (IAT)
    Departure : Everyday
    DPS - LBJ : 10.00 – 11.30
    LBJ - DPS : 12.00 – 13.30

    Price:
    Y CLASS : IDR 751.000
    H CLASS : IDR 696.000
    Q CLASS : IDR 641.000 (NON REFUND TICKET)


    Trans Nusa Airlines (TGN)
    Depart : Everyday
    DPS – LBJ : 10.00 – 11.50 & 13.00 – 14.20
    LBJ – DPS VIA BMU (BIMA) : 12.05 - 12.35
    BMU-DPS : 12.50 – 13.45
    LBJ – DPS : 14.35 – 15.15

    Price
    Y CLASS : IDR 761.000
    L CLASS : IDR 651.000
    M CLASS : IDR 541.000


    By Land:
    The gateway cities of Labuan Bajo and Bima are connected to Denpasar, Bali by overland buses.


    By Sea (ferry):
    Travel time: approximately 36 hours

    The gateway cities of Labuan Bajo and Bima are also connected to Denpasar, Bali by inter-island ferry.

    Contact the Indonesia Sea Transportation Company (PELNI) at Jalan Raya Kuta No. 299, Tuban - Bali (Tel: 0361 - 763 963) to reserve a seat on the KM. Tilong Kabila, which departs Benoa Port, Bali bound for Bima and Labuan Bajo

    Benoa-Bima-Labuan Bajo
    Fortnightly (every two weeks) on Saturdays: 09.00-20.00 (next day).
    One-way ticket (as of 10/6/06) from Rp. 143,000.00 - Rp. 435,000.00

    Labuan Bajo-Bima-Benoa
    Fortnightly (every two weeks) on Thursdays: 08.00-11.00 (next day).
    One-way ticket (as of 10/6/06) from Rp. 143,000.00 - Rp. 435,000.00

    Note: the ferry schedule and ticket prices may change with or without prior notice


    By Sea (live-aboard):
    Komodo National Park is serviced by a wide range of live-aboard boats, with return packages to Komodo National Park from a variety of departure points, including Bali, Lombok, Bima and Labuan Bajo

    Prices (as of 10/6/06) are ranging from USD 230.00 - USD 295.00 / person / night.

    From Gateway Cities to Komodo National Park (KNP)
    You can easily organize a shared boat charter by local boat from either ports at Labuan Bajo or Bima (Sape) to the two major points of access in the Park: Loh Liang (on Komodo Island) or Loh Buaya (on Rinca Island)

    Charter price (as of 10/6/06) - excluding meals, KNP entrance fee etc:
    Labuan Bajo: KNP: Rp. 750,000 - 1,500,000 per boat / day
    Bima (Sape): KNP: Rp. 1,500.000 - 2,000.000 per boat / day

    Note: the charter prices may change with or without prior notice

    Source: komodonationalpark.org

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    About Komodo National Park

    LOCATION

    Komodo National Park lies in the Wallacea Region of Indonesia, identified by WWF and Conservation International as a global conservation priority area. The Park is located between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores at the border of the Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) and Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTP) provinces. It includes three major islands, Komodo, Rinca and Padar, and numerous smaller islands together totaling 603 km2 of land. The total size of Komodo National Park is presently 1,817 km2. Proposed extensions of 25 km2 of land (Banta Island) and 479 km2 of marine waters would bring the total surface area up to 2,321 km2

    -8 34' 38.23", +119 29' 27.69"

    HISTORY

    Komodo National Park was established in 1980 and was declared a World Heritage Site and a Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1986. The park was initially established to conserve the unique Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), first discovered by the scientific world in 1911 by J.K.H. Van Steyn. Since then conservation goals have expanded to protecting its entire biodiversity, both marine and terrestrial.

    The majority of the people in and around the Park are fishermen originally from Bima (Sumbawa), Manggarai, South Flores, and South Sulawesi. Those from South Sulawesi are from the Suku Bajau or Bugis ethnic groups. The Suku Bajau were originally nomadic and moved from location to location in the region of Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara and Maluku, to make their livelihoods. Descendents of the original people of Komodo, the Ata Modo, still live in Komodo, but there are no pure blood people left and their culture and language is slowly being integrated with the recent migrants.

    Little is known of the early history of the Komodo islanders. They were subjects of the Sultanate of Bima, although the island’s remoteness from Bima meant its affairs were probably little troubled by the Sultanate other than by occasional demand for tribute.

    DEMOGRAPHICS

    There are presently almost 4,000 inhabitants living within the park spread out over four settlements (Komodo, Rinca, Kerora, and Papagaran). All villages existed prior to 1980 before the area was declared a national park. In 1928 there were only 30 people living in Komodo Village, and approximately 250 people on Rinca Island in 1930. The population increased rapidly, and by 1999, there were 281 families numbering 1,169 people on Komodo, meaning that the local population had increased exponentially. Komodo Village has had the highest population increase of the villages within the Park, mostly due to migration by people from Sape, Manggarai, Madura, and South Sulawesi.

    EDUCATION

    The average level of education in the villages of Komodo National Park is grade four of elementary school. There is an elementary school located in each of the villages, but new students are not recruited each year. On average, each village has four classes and four teachers. Most of the children from the small islands in the Kecamatan Komodo (Komodo, Rinca, Kerora, Papagaran, Mesa) do not finish elementary school. Less than 10% of those which do graduate from elementary school will continue to high school since the major economic opportunity (fishing) does not require further education.

    HEALTH

    Most of the villages located in and around the Park have few fresh water facilities available, if any, particularly during the dry season. Water quality declines during this time period and many people become ill. Malaria and diarrhea are rampant in the area. On Mesa island, with a population of around 1,500 people, there is no fresh water available. Fresh water is brought by boat in jerrycans from Labuan Bajo. Each family needs an average of Rp 100,000.- per month to buy fresh water (2000). Almost every village has a local medical facility with staff, and at least a paramedic. The quality of medical care facilities is low.

    TERRESTRIAL PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT

    Topography: The topography is varied, with slopes from 0 – 80%. There is little flat ground, and that is generally located near the beach. The altitude varies from sea level to 735 m above sea level. The highest peak is Gunung Satalibo on Komodo Island.

    Geology: The islands in Komodo National Park are volcanic in origin. The area is at the juncture of two continental plates: Sahul and Sunda. The friction of these two plates has led to large volcanic eruptions and caused the up-thrusting of coral reefs. Although there are no active volcanoes in the park, tremors from Gili Banta (last eruption 1957) and Gunung Sangeang Api (last eruption 1996) are common. West Komodo probably formed during the Jurasic era approximately 130 million years ago. East Komodo, Rinca, and Padar probably formed approximately 49 million years ago during the Eocene era.

    Climate: Komodo National Park has little or no rainfall for approximately 8 months of the year, and is strongly impacted by monsoonal rains. High humidity levels year round are only found in the quasi-cloud forests on mountain tops and ridges. Temperatures generally range from 170C to 340C, with an average humidity level of 36%. From November through March the wind is from the west and causes large waves that hit the entire length of Komodo island’s west beach. From April through October the wind is dry and large waves hit the south beaches of Rinca and Komodo islands.

    TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS

    The terrestrial ecosystems are strongly affected by the climate: a lengthy dry season with high temperatures and low rainfall, and seasonal monsoon rains. The Park is situated in a transition zone between Australian and Asian flora and fauna. Terrestrial ecosystems include open grass-woodland savanna, tropical deciduous (monsoon) forest, and quasi cloud forest.

    Due to the dry climate, terrestrial plant species richness is relatively low. The majority of terrestrial species are xerophytic and have specific adaptations to help them obtain and retain water. Past fires have selected for species that are fire-adapted, such as some grass species and shrubs. Terrestrial plants found in Komodo National Park include grasses, shrubs, orchids, and trees. Important food tree species for the local fauna include Jatropha curkas, Zizyphus sp., Opuntia sp., Tamarindus indicus, Borassus flabellifer, Sterculia foetida, Ficus sp., Cicus sp., ‘Kedongdong hutan’ (Saruga floribunda), and ‘Kesambi’ (Schleichera oleosa).

    TERRESTRIAL FAUNA

    The terrestrial fauna is of rather poor diversity in comparison to the marine fauna. The number of terrestrial animal species found in the Park is not high, but the area is important from a conservation perspective as some species are endemic.. Many of the mammals are Asiatic in origin (e.g., deer, pig, macaques, civet). Several of the reptiles and birds are Australian in origin. These include the orange-footed scrubfowl, the lesser sulpher-crested cockatoo and the nosy friarbird.

    Reptiles: The most famous of Komodo National Park's reptiles is the Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis). It is among the world's largest reptiles and can reach 3 meters or more in length and weigh over 70kg. To find out more about this fascinating creature click here.

    Other than the Komodo Dragon twelve terrestrial snake species are found on the island. including the cobra (Naja naja sputatrix), Russel’s pit viper (Vipera russeli), and the green tree vipers (Trimeresurus albolabris). Lizards include 9 skink species (Scinidae), geckos (Gekkonidae), limbless lizards (Dibamidae), and, of course, the monitor lizards (Varanidae). Frogs include the Asian Bullfrog (Kaloula baleata), Oreophyne jeffersoniana and Oreophyne darewskyi. They are typically found at higher, moister altitudes.

    Mammals: Mammals include the Timor deer (Cervus timorensis), the main prey of the Komodo dragon, horses (Equus sp.), water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), wild boar (Sus scrofa vittatus), long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis), palm civets (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus lehmanni), the endemic Rinca rat (Rattus rintjanus), and fruit bats. One can also find goats, dogs and domestic cats.

    Birds: One of the main bird species is the orange-footed scrub fowl (Megapodius reinwardti), a ground dwelling bird. In areas of savanna, 27 species were observed. Geopelia striata and Streptopelia chinensis were the most common species. In mixed deciduous habitat, 28 bird species were observed, and Philemon buceroides, Ducula aenea, and Zosterops chloris were the most common.

    MARINE FLORA :

    The three major coastal marine plants are algae, seagrasses and mangrove trees. Algae are primitive plants, which do not have true roots, leaves or stems. An important reef-building algae is the red coralline algae, which actually secretes a hard limestone skeleton that can encrust and cement dead coral together. Seagrasses are modern plants that produce flowers, fruits and seeds for reproduction. As their name suggests, they generally look like large blades of grass growing underwater in sand near the shore. Thallasia sp. and Zastera spp. are the common species found in the Park. Mangroves trees can live in salty soil or water, and are found throughout the Park. An assessment of mangrove resources identified at least 19 species of true mangroves and several more species of mangrove associates within the Park's borders.

    MARINE FAUNA :

    Komodo National Park includes one of the world's richest marine environments. It consists of forams, cnidaria (includes over 260 species of reef building coral), sponges (70 species), ascidians, marine worms, mollusks, echinoderms, crustaceans, cartilaginous and bony fishes (over 1,000 species), marine reptiles, and marine mammals (dolphins, whales, and dugongs). Some notable species with high commercial value include sea cucumbers (Holothuria), Napoleon wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus), and groupers.

    Source: komodonationalpark.org

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    Source: komodonationalpark.org

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2011